Cargo planes carrying tons of supplies for the displaced have begun arriving in Kigali, Rwanda from where the aid will be trucked to the Congolese border, 75 miles to the west. However, a local carrier is planned to resume regular flights from the airstrip on Monday, January During July , Mt. People are arriving empty-handed and in need of immediate assistance. There was a lot of lava to clear from the airport runway, for instance; there were roads to be reopened.

During July , Mt. These issues will be debated for years to come. Volcanological and petrological evolution of Nyiragongo volcano, Virunga volcanic field, Zaire. The uncertainty surrounding the two types of risk and their consequences expressed as numbers of deaths needs to be constrained using expert judgement and probabilistic analysis of a range of eruption scenarios. The main descriptive points in his report23 are as follows:. The relatively small loss of life in the January eruption less than deaths in a population of , was remarkable, and psychological stress was reportedly the main health consequence in the aftermath of the eruption. We’ll assume you’re ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish.

nyiragongo eruption 2002 case study a level

In addition, people were killed when hot lava caused gas station tanks to explode at on 21 January. In still conditions swimmers could lose consciousness and drown without warning. Tools API – Real-time data stream to power next-generation apps.

nyiragongo eruption 2002 case study a level

Another important aspect, in the longer term, is mitigating risk by lefel the future development of Goma in such a way as to minimize the impact of a future eruption. Press accounts indicated that volcanologists tentatively suggested that Nyiragongo’s volcanism was due to seismicity producing fissures up to several km in length along the E African rift, allowing magma to reach the surface.

The volcano is quiet. The impact of the flows on the city’s infrastructure and the implications for vulnerability studies are now described.

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Densely populated residential areas and the business centre have been particularly affected. The uncertainty surrounding the two types of risk and their consequences expressed as numbers of deaths needs to be constrained using expert judgement and probabilistic analysis of a range of eruption scenarios. The main street was cluttered with abandoned vehicles, clothes, shoes and personal effects that bore witness to the rushed exodus a few hours earlier.


Each day there are several incidents of unruly crowds at the eleven food and non-food item distribution points in Goma and Sake. Water from Lake Kivu poses no health threat to population. Goma lies spread out along the edge of Lake Kivu and comprises mostly small dwellings around intersecting roads. It is estimated that approximatelypeople were affected by the disaster. At daybreak the lava was continuing to flow but it no longer threatened to cut the road linking Goma with Rwanda, witnesses said.

The loss of the commercial centre and housing has meant a loss of jobs and disruption of the economy. Gaping holes opened up in Goma, normally a city of more thanbut now virtually a ghost town, and molten rock reduced roads and buildings to fiery ash.

Case Study: Mount Nyiragongo, Congo, January – Mindmap in A Level and IB Geography

Distributed drugs, basins, pans, buckets, s clothing Baptist World Aid: And just minutes after he had picked up the funds to launch a survey team, he got word that 11,foot Nyiragongo was disgorging hundreds of millions of cubic yards of lava onto Goma, 12 miles away and home to half a million people.

The immediate needs will be to ensure the provision of safe areas, shelter, water, food and health supplies.

Journal of Geophysical Research The fluoride concentration on 21 January was measured at 4. But many said they would prefer to try and rebuild in whatever was left of Goma than live on the streets of Gisenyi, swamped by families desperate for food and water, or in refugee camps the Rwandan government is planning to set up.

The WHO should establish its own programme of action in Goma, including monitoring the impact of the volcanic crisis on health and emergency preparedness for a future eruption. Several thousands of families are reported to have settled in Bukavu. Goma is well supplied with food, which is normally quite cheap; the problem was the money to buy it with.


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An underwater lava eruption near Goma would prompt the evacuation erupiton the city and its environs in the same way as for a lava eruption into the city. Anomalous earthquakes associated with Nyiragongo Volcano: Perhaps goods should have been given only to women, as at one point UNICEF had decided to do, or only to children, or only through churches.

However, no epidemiological evidence to support this conclusion was presented. You should be able to use the knowledge and understanding you have gained about eruption of Mount Nyiragongo to answer the following nyiraongo style question:.

A number of these organizations continue to assist volcano victims in the Goma region. It took five days to distribute the eruptuon to those in need in Goma, and after 25 January the distribution switched to hospitals, camps and to people living outside Goma.

Markets quickly reopened after the eruption, and supplies of vegetables and fruit were soon re-established. Would the misuse of money in Goma have been any worse than the misuse of goods?

On Friday morning sruption of cars filled with families headed back to the stricken town. Red Cross assessment teams say such movements make it difficult to supply accurate figures but it is estimated thatwere displaced by the eruption.